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Kolossi Castle in the Kouris Valley

To the west of Limassol in the Kouris valley is Kolossi Castle, one of the most important forts of Medieval Cyprus. This rich fertile valley at the mouth of the river Kouris was often mentioned during records of the Middle Ages, because of its vast sugar-cane, olive, cotton, locust-tree, cereal plantations and its vineyards which were vital to Cypriot trade.
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Kolossi Castle

Kolossi Castle & the Order of St John

Hugues I, the sovereign of the de Lusignans’ dynasty in 1210, granted this area to the friars of the Order of Saint John. The name of the area came more than likely came from Gerinus de Colos, the former feudal lord of the region.
The first fortress was constructed during the 13th Century.

After the fall of Acre in 1291, probably around 1301, the Knights of the Order of St. John moved their activities to Kolossi Castle.
During 1306, the Knights Templar took occupation but were thrown out in 1308 by order of Pope Clement who declared the order to be outlaws and disbanded them.
In 1310, the administration of the Knights of the Order of Saint John was transferred to Rhodes. The fortress in Kolossi Castle remained the seat of Commanderie, and was subsequently used as an administration seat by the Order of the Friars in 1380. They then exploited about 60 villages in the region, by the mass production of the sweet Cypriot wine called Commandarie from the massive plantations in the area.

The Commanderie of Kolossi

Following several raids by the Marmadukes in the 15th century the original fortress was left in ruins, it was rebuilt as it is seen today in 1454, a stone made fortress with walls of a 1.25 mtr. depth, with three walls of 21 mtr. in height. The entrance to Kolossi Castle was by a suspended bridge at the first floor, and on the roof, a scalding bowl and loopholes are reminders of the medieval sieges.

In 1488, George Cornaro, the brother of Catherine, the last Queen of the Franks, was compensated by being given 14 out of the 41 villages, which were still under the control of the Commanderie of Rhodes, for persuading Catherine to waive her sovereign rights over Cyprus and give them to the Venetians. Subsequently, every Cornaro Family’s leader was granted the title of the High Commander of Cyprus.
This title remained a family title even after the Ottomans seizing Cyprus, in 1799 it was then granted to the Mozzenigo family, after the marriage of a Mozzenigo with a Cornaro heir.

Kolossi Castle was constructed during the thirteenth century

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From golf in Cyprus to water sports, historical monuments, bars, restaurants, fishing, hiking, flying schools and an abundance of others, Aphrodite's isle offers its visitors a vast selecyion of things to do.
The fact that these leisure activities in Cyprus form an integral part of the local lifestyle is just one of the island's many major attractions for visitors and real estate buyers alike.
In fact, although there is a fair proportion of buyers who are looking to get away from it all and live in one of the island's many unspoilt villages, the majority of our clients looking for properties to buy in Cyprus, are actively looking for central locations in or around one of the many popular resorts of Cyprus, such as Paphos, Protaras or Larnaca.

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