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A short Introduction to Nicosia and Paphos Districts

Cyprus is nothing if not an island of many contrasts, and no two regions highlight these differences more so than Nicosia district and the Paphos province.

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From the plains of Nicosia to the vinyards of Paphos... a mixed bag

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There can be no greater contrast in the Republic of Cyprus than the Paphos and Nicosia districts. The former consisting largely of hills, forests and coastal resorts, and the latter being home plains, agriculture and the bulk of the nation's industry. Aphrodite gives you a brief introduction into these two contrasting provinces.

Nicosia District | Paphos District
Larnaca District | Famagusta District
Limassol District | The Troodos
Administrative Information


Map of Cyprus, marking Paphos and Nicosia District

Nicosia District (Province) at the island's heart

The Dragoman's House in Nicosia
The Dragoman's House in Nicosia


Stretching from its eastern reaches in the Mesaoria Plain to the Troodos Mountains and Morphou Bay in the West, Nicosia District is the largest province in Cyprus. Covering roughly 30% of the island's surface area, it is bifurcated by the Green Line, the UN-patrolled no-man's land separating the Republic from the TRNC, its northern neighbour. Approximately one third of the district is under Turkish-Cypriot control, while the remaining two thirds remain part of the Republic of Cyprus.

With a combined population of roughly three hundred thousand residents, Nicosia District represents Cyprus' industrial heartland, mainly due to the simple fact that the coastal reaches around the island's other main towns are largely devoted to tourism. In all, almost 50% the Republic's industrial units are located in the vicinity of the nation's capital, Nicosia.

Most of the province sits on the central Mesaoria Plain, which tends got get very hot in summer (up to 50°C*) and cold during the winter months (as low as 7°C*). This part of the island is largely devoted to agriculture, and so tends to be well off the beaten track for tourists.

The western third of the district runs into the Troodos Massif, and tends to be the more scenic region. Indeed, as one travels along the B9 towards the mountains, and is willing to stray somewhat off the beaten path, one can find a great many charming and unspoilt villages in the foothills as well as higher up.


Bellapais Abbey in North Cyprus
Linou Village, looking towards Morphou Bay

Recent years have seen an extensive improvement of Nicosia District's road network, with major roadworks and expansions carried out along the Larnaca motorway and the highway running west from the capital towards Kakopetria and the Troodos Mountains. Despite these improvements, one of the main traffic problems when driving to the capital continues to remain through the simple fact that all these new roads run into an ancient city-centre, which is more like a rabbit warren of narrow cart-lanes than the heart of a nation's capital.

Nevertheless, Nicosia's town with its many quaint shops and cafes, and surrounded by the magnificent sixteenth century Venetian walls, holds a unique charm of its own that attracts countless visitors day after day.

Map of Nicosia District from Google Maps

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* Daytime Temperatures...

Paphos District (Province) in the west of Cyprus

Paphos Castle
Paphos Castle


Paphos district is one of the smaller provinces of the Republic, covering roughly 15% of Cyprus' surface area. Due to its predominantly hilly and mountainous terrain, it is also one of the more sparsely populated regions, with a total population of just over sixty thousand residents, the majority of which live clustered around its three main centres of population, Paphos, Pissouri and Polis

The decades since the conflict of 1974 have seen an explosion in the region's tourist infrastructure, despite the fact that the island's west does not boast the profusion of sandy beaches found in the east. Nevertheless, Paphos district's scenic nature, with its craggy southern coasts, expansive northern forests and spectacular vistas, more than compensates for its lack of beach-side playgrounds, and the region receives more annual visitors than any other holiday destination in Cyprus.

What's more, Paphos district is also home to a large number of British and International expatriates, many of whom have lived here since the 1990s. With its many recreational facilities, including four golf courses (Tsada, Elea, Secret Valley & Aphrodite Hills), a large waterpark, diving schools, go-cart centres and animal parks, the region can at times feel like something of a themepark.

Aside from tourism, the province's main source of occupation is agriculture and viticulture, with many of Cyprus' more exclusive wines originating in the hills above Paphos. Indeed, the past couple of years have seen a substantial increase in the number of people visiting the region with the purpose of touring the local wineries.


One of the Fairways at Secret Valley
Secret Valley Golf Course

There can be no arguing the fact that Paphos district is the most scenically beautiful of Cyprus' administrative regions, and the province holds many hidden gems, charming villages and spectacular vistas for visitors who are willing to venture away from the mainstream tourist centres. This holds especially true for the area around Polis and around the shores of Chrysochous Bay, as can easily be seen in the image below, which was taken on a beautiful spring day near Pomos marina, which can be seen to the left.

Ultimately, the Paphos region holds something for everyone, regardless you happen to be looking for, and if you're visiting, it's well worth taking some time to explore. You never know what hidden gems you'll find.

Pomos Marina and Coastline
Coast near Pomos Marina

Map of Paphos District from Google Maps

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Cyprus Properties

Over the past few years, the Cyprus property market has experienced a serious downturn, along with every other overseas real estate market. However, following a string of announcements, ranging from the discovery of oil off the island's shores to the construction of a string of new marinas and leisure facilities across the Republic, buyers are starting to take an interest in Cyprus' properties once again.

What's more, new legislation introduced during the course of 2011 has closed the legal loopholes exploited by a handful of developers in the run-up to the economic downturn of 2008. This, coupled with the fact that real estate prices are once again running at sensible levels, is once more making the Republic of Cyprus an increasingly interesting proposition for investors from abroad.


Disclaimer. Please note that the information given on this website is displayed for guidance purposes only. It does not replace the need for professional advice, either legal or otherwise. E&OE

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