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Nicosia (Lefkosia) - The Capital of Cyprus

Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, has the dubious honour of being the last divided capital city on earth.
Since the Middle Ages the town of Nicosia has been the nation's capital. It is the largest city in the Republic of Cyprus with a present population of about 245,000 inhabitants and lies in the middle of the island's central plain.

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Image depicting the Presidential Palace in Nicosia

Nicosia - The Old and the New

About 1,000 years ago, at a time when raiding Saracens were marauding the coastal towns, the island's rulers were forced to withdraw inland in order to protect themselves. Only then did Lefkosia (Nicosia) become the capital of Cyprus. Sharing the country's fate through the centuries, it has remained the island's first city ever since.

Although Nicosia has been divided into two by the so called 'Green Line' since the Turkish invasion in 1974 and is now the last divided capital city on the planet since the unification of Berlin, the city itself consists of a harmoniously combined old and new town.

Consisting of a large number of neighbourhoods, the new town spreads around the old. Nicosia moves and lives to European rhythms and all the foreign embassies and public services have their headquarters here. It is a cosmopolitan town with fine residences and squares, hotels, banks, modern shops and wide streets. It has established itself as the Middle East centre for international conferences in recent years.

The most characteristic monuments of the capital built in the 16th Century, are the famous Venetian walls which enclose the old town consisting of neighbourhoods and narrow labyrinthine streets. The walls have eleven heart shaped bastions and are 4.5 kilometers in length.

Nicosia Province and the Master Plan

Nicosia Master Plan (NMP)
In Nicosia, at a meeting in 1979 of the representatives of both the Greek and Turkish Communities, for the purpose of preparing a common Master Plan for the proper unified development of the city, it was agreed that the two sides should co-operate closely.

The improvement of the human settlement conditions of all the inhabitants of the city and the existing and future habitat and was the focus of the development objective of the subsequently agreed Project document.

The province of Nicosia
Bordering all the other provinces, the province of Nicosia is in the centre of the island with a population of about 245,000.

Most of the province consists of plain, though towards the Troodos range, the west and south parts of the province are hilly or mountainous with a number of valleys and about 30% of the total area of the island is included in the province.

In the island's centre, located around the Cypriot capital of Nicosia, are about 47% of the island's industrial units, since tourism as well as the Cyprus property sales market are mostly focused on the coastal regions of Ayia Napa, Larnaca, Limassol and Paphos.

Nicosia or Lefkosia as it is also known - The capital of Cyprus for a 1000 years

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Pissouri Village

In stark contrast to the cosmopolitan and bustling nature of Nicosia stand such Cypriot gems as Pissouri, a small village on the island's west coast, near fabled Petra tou Romiou (Aphrodite's Rock) and the outstanding Secret Valley Golf and Country Club. Here, although the village has of course moved with the times, the overall pace of life has remained the same over the years.

The Weather in Cyprus

It is a statistical fact that Aphrodite's isle as a whole can boast an average of 326 days of sunshine each and every year. But it is not only the weather in Cyprus which attracts visitors and expatriates to these beautiful shores; the favourable economic climate also plays a large part. Little wonder then that properties for sale in Cyprus have attracted so much attention with British buyers over the past couple of years.

Disclaimer. The prices quoted on the properties featured in this website are displayed as guidelines only. They constitute neither an offer nor contract, nor part of same. E&OE
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